The U.S. Constitution Voting

The US Constitution,  Ratified by the states on March 4,1789, the states were directed to form state governments and  George Washington was inaugurated as President May 17, 1789

Article 1, Congress

Section 1, All legislative powers shall be held by a U.S.  Congress that shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Section 2, The House Of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the PEOPLE of the several states. The voters shall have the same qualifications as voters for the various state legislatures.

Section 3, The Senate shall be composed of 2 senators from each state, chosen by the STATE”S LEGISLATURE for a six year term.

Section 4, The times, places and procedures of the elections will be decided by the individual states.

Article 2,  Executive

Section 1, The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States. He shall hold his office for a term of four years and together with a Vice President chosen for the same term be elected indirectly by the people of the states. Each state shall appoint electors equal to the number of senators and representatives of that state, these electors shall meet and vote for both the president and vice president, (the electoral college).

Section 4,  The United States shall guarantee to each state in this union a republican form of government.

Constitutional Amendments

Amendment 12, Ratified June 15, 1804, Thomas Jefferson President. (This amendment was proposed to correct the problems of the  1801 electoral college election where Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied for president and the House voted 35 times without a majority until a deal was brokered and Jefferson defeated the incumbent John Adams.)

The electors shall meet in their states and vote by ballot, separately naming their choice for  president and  vice president. . The sealed  ballots will be sent to the President of the Senate for counting and the congress will affirm the candidate with the highest presidential vote as president and the candidate with the  highest vice presidential vote as vice president. Additional changes were made to resolve tie votes.

Amendment 14, Ratified July 9, 1868, Ulysses S. Grant, President.

Section 1, All persons born or naturalized in the U.S. and subject to its laws are citizens of the U.S. and the state where they reside. No state shall make laws that abridge the privileges and immunites, nor  deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process, nor deny equal protection of the laws.

Section 2, Representatives will apportioned among the states based on the whole number of persons in the state, excluding untaxed Indians. When the right to vote in a national election is denied, the total number of male citizens aged 21 must be reduced must be reduced equally.

Amendment 15, Ratified February 3, 1870, Ulysses S Grant.

Section 1,  The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2, The congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 17,  Ratified April 18, 1913,  Woodrow Wilson, President

The senate shall consist of two members from each state, elected by the people of that state for six year terms. Vacancies to be filled an election.

Amendment 19, Ratified August 18, 1920, Woodrow Wilson, President.

The right of U.S. citizens shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on the basis of sex. Congress shall have the power to enforce.

Amendment 22, Ratified February 27, 1951, Harry S. Truman, President.

Section 1, The president is limited to two, four year terms. A person who assumes the presidency for more than two years can only be elected to one, four year term.

Section 2, This article must be approved by 3/4 of the states within seven years.

 

Wikisource.org provided the constitutional wording.

Google provided the presidents names.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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