The Scientific Method

We did this in the last class and I am still amazed at the “Awesome Drink Energy Juice”(ADEJ) in question one. Well, to start with the manager is engaged in non-ethical behavior when he decided that speed was the way to build cars faster and that it was  an easy path to additional riches on the backs of the serfs. The plan was simple give ADEJ to one assembly line crew and give a look alike juice to the other assembly line crew and see what happens. Needless to say, the boss was dismissed rather quickly by the the home office when this incredulous plan reached home. But back at the plant the test and the plant were in chaos when the county sheriff’s deputies arrived and stated that the ADEJ was an illegal substance and that it was being confiscated. The group who got the ADEJ became the independent variable in the lawsuit filed by the UAW on behalf of the plant’s workers as the other workers who got the placebo became the dependent variable to determine if the drug had deleterious effects on the workers. The various suits were settled and all the workers had an excellent down payment on a new boat. In addition, management agreed not to use any chemical  stimuli in the future.

 

RE: Circling a Star…, by K. Chang, NYT 2/23/17.

After a long and intense search scientists have found a star, like Sol, that has a number of planets, like Earth, that are at at an approximate distance from that sun to possibly have evolved life as we might know it.

As always transgender issues arise. I am ready to slip across the border and head south to safety.

 

Collateral Damage

Collateral damage(CD)  has taken on “the cloak of invisibility”and the results are totally diametric to how Beedle The Bard described the third brother in “The Tale of the Three Brothers”. As J.K. Rowling envisioned the cloak once the third brother had bamboozled it from  the  devil: the cloak would only be used for good. When the third brother arrived home he was totally invisible to the devil and he lived his life quietly until it was time to die. He passed on the cloak and called on the devil and they went away together as friends.

Today in the real world of the 21st century CD has done a back-flip and is now being used to coverup the most of heinous of crimes. That is that the western military, read U.S. here, has been killing large numbers of civilians  in the fight against terrorism and ISIS and hiding them under their own cloak and are calling it (CD). Airstrikes and cannon fire are blunt weapons and when the opposition is using  the local population as a shield they are sure to die. If that were not bad enough we now learn from Russian Propagandist,  RT Television (Dish channel 280) that the U.S. was using spent uranium shells in some of these airstrikes and the civilians will take the brunt of this for generations. Mosul in 2004 was hit with depleted uranium and malignancy is rampant.

Killing for money is possibly the lowest of the low but to big corporate America it is only a matter of making money, huge amounts of money, all given to them by the president, congress, state dept. and defense dept. The citizens readily foot the bill as when have we been without war or defense spending in my lifetime which started way back in 1949. Seriously, there has not been a war of necessity for the U.S. since possibly the civil war or the revolution. At least as far as I know the people being freed were not CD or that King George would have let us go our own way without protest which makes a large difference in the use of state sponsored violence as an alternative to diplomacy. George Washington knew better he guided us out of that war and into a republic that we then lost to the middling sorts who believe primarily in profit for themselves and the show goes on.

 

 

 

 

 

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The U.S. Constitution Voting

The US Constitution,  Ratified by the states on March 4,1789, the states were directed to form state governments and  George Washington was inaugurated as President May 17, 1789

Article 1, Congress

Section 1, All legislative powers shall be held by a U.S.  Congress that shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Section 2, The House Of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the PEOPLE of the several states. The voters shall have the same qualifications as voters for the various state legislatures.

Section 3, The Senate shall be composed of 2 senators from each state, chosen by the STATE”S LEGISLATURE for a six year term.

Section 4, The times, places and procedures of the elections will be decided by the individual states.

Article 2,  Executive

Section 1, The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States. He shall hold his office for a term of four years and together with a Vice President chosen for the same term be elected indirectly by the people of the states. Each state shall appoint electors equal to the number of senators and representatives of that state, these electors shall meet and vote for both the president and vice president, (the electoral college).

Section 4,  The United States shall guarantee to each state in this union a republican form of government.

Constitutional Amendments

Amendment 12, Ratified June 15, 1804, Thomas Jefferson President. (This amendment was proposed to correct the problems of the  1801 electoral college election where Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied for president and the House voted 35 times without a majority until a deal was brokered and Jefferson defeated the incumbent John Adams.)

The electors shall meet in their states and vote by ballot, separately naming their choice for  president and  vice president. . The sealed  ballots will be sent to the President of the Senate for counting and the congress will affirm the candidate with the highest presidential vote as president and the candidate with the  highest vice presidential vote as vice president. Additional changes were made to resolve tie votes.

Amendment 14, Ratified July 9, 1868, Ulysses S. Grant, President.

Section 1, All persons born or naturalized in the U.S. and subject to its laws are citizens of the U.S. and the state where they reside. No state shall make laws that abridge the privileges and immunites, nor  deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process, nor deny equal protection of the laws.

Section 2, Representatives will apportioned among the states based on the whole number of persons in the state, excluding untaxed Indians. When the right to vote in a national election is denied, the total number of male citizens aged 21 must be reduced must be reduced equally.

Amendment 15, Ratified February 3, 1870, Ulysses S Grant.

Section 1,  The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2, The congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 17,  Ratified April 18, 1913,  Woodrow Wilson, President

The senate shall consist of two members from each state, elected by the people of that state for six year terms. Vacancies to be filled an election.

Amendment 19, Ratified August 18, 1920, Woodrow Wilson, President.

The right of U.S. citizens shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on the basis of sex. Congress shall have the power to enforce.

Amendment 22, Ratified February 27, 1951, Harry S. Truman, President.

Section 1, The president is limited to two, four year terms. A person who assumes the presidency for more than two years can only be elected to one, four year term.

Section 2, This article must be approved by 3/4 of the states within seven years.

 

Wikisource.org provided the constitutional wording.

Google provided the presidents names.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The U.S. Constitution Voting

The US Constitution,  Ratified by the states on March 4,1789, the states were directed to form state governments and  George Washington was inaugurated as President May 17, 1789

Article 1, Congress

Section 1, All legislative powers shall be held by a U.S.  Congress that shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Section 2, The House Of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the PEOPLE of the several states. The voters shall have the same qualifications as voters for the various state legislatures.

Section 3, The Senate shall be composed of 2 senators from each state, chosen by the STATE”S LEGISLATURE for a six year term.

Section 4, The times, places and procedures of the elections will be decided by the individual states.

Article 2,  Executive

Section 1, The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States. He shall hold his office for a term of four years and together with a Vice President chosen for the same term be elected indirectly by the people of the states. Each state shall appoint electors equal to the number of senators and representatives of that state, these electors shall meet and vote for both the president and vice president, (the electoral college).

Section 4,  The United States shall guarantee to each state in this union a republican form of government.

Constitutional Amendments

Amendment 12, Ratified June 15, 1804, Thomas Jefferson President. (This amendment was proposed to correct the problems of the  1801 electoral college election where Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied for president and the House voted 35 times without a majority until a deal was brokered and Jefferson defeated the incumbent John Adams.)

The electors shall meet in their states and vote by ballot, separately naming their choice for  president and  vice president. . The sealed  ballots will be sent to the President of the Senate for counting and the congress will affirm the candidate with the highest presidential vote as president and the candidate with the  highest vice presidential vote as vice president. Additional changes were made to resolve tie votes.

Amendment 14, Ratified July 9, 1868, Ulysses S. Grant, President.

Section 1, All persons born or naturalized in the U.S. and subject to its laws are citizens of the U.S. and the state where they reside. No state shall make laws that abridge the privileges and immunites, nor  deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process, nor deny equal protection of the laws.

Section 2, Representatives will apportioned among the states based on the whole number of persons in the state, excluding untaxed Indians. When the right to vote in a national election is denied, the total number of male citizens aged 21 must be reduced must be reduced equally.

Amendment 15, Ratified February 3, 1870, Ulysses S Grant.

Section 1,  The right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2, The congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 17,  Ratified April 18, 1913,  Woodrow Wilson, President

The senate shall consist of two members from each state, elected by the people of that state for six year terms. Vacancies to be filled an election.

Amendment 19, Ratified August 18, 1920, Woodrow Wilson, President.

The right of U.S. citizens shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on the basis of sex. Congress shall have the power to enforce.

Amendment 22, Ratified February 27, 1951, Harry S. Truman, President.

Section 1, The president is limited to two, four year terms. A person who assumes the presidency for more than two years can only be elected to one, four year term.

Section 2, This article must be approved by 3/4 of the states within seven years.

 

Wikisource.org provided the constitutional wording.

Google provided the presidents names.